Cancer in Dogs: Different Types and Treatment

The word “cancer” can cause fear and worry in the minds of many dog owners throughout the country. Cancer affects 50% of senior dogs over the age of ten. The positive side is that many dog cancers are treatable if detected early.

When cancer is spreading, it is tough to manage. If you recognize it early, it will most likely be contained to a specific location and easier to control.

A dog’s weight loss is usually the first sign that anything is amiss. Second, as your dog age, the vet is likely to suggest urinalysis bloodwork and other diagnostics. They will help identify changes in your dog’s organ function that could indicate cancer.

Common Types of Dog Cancer

In general, dogs are vulnerable to the same kinds of cancer that humans are. Although the prevalence of specific cancers differs, the overall conditions are the same. Here are the most common diseases that veterinarians treat.

Canine Lymphoma

This is an immune system or white blood cell malignancy known as lymphoma. Since these cells divide rapidly, the cancer is believed to multiply quickly. Lymphoma in dogs is often seen in lymph nodes in the peripheral region.

Lymphoma can develop in dogs quickly. However, it also responds promptly to treatment. Dog lymphoma is a pleasant disease to treat since most dogs react well to medicine and experience high quality of life. Survival duration can range from 6 to 12 months, contingent upon the circumstances.

Chemotherapy and steroids are commonly used to treat lymphoma in dogs. Other medications, including immunotherapy, are in the works but are not yet widely available. There are a variety of chemotherapy protocols accessible, allowing pet owners access to their dogs according to their schedules and circumstances. Visit a vet for details on pet dental care.

Canine Mast Cell Tumor

This malignancy affects immune system cells, which typically become reactive during allergic reactions. In an allergic reaction, mast cells create histamine and the hormone heparin that cause you to be more red and swelling. In dogs, mast cell tumors can cause vomiting and diarrhea, weight loss, stomach ulcers, low blood pressure, skin redness, and edema.

One of the more prevalent skin cancers that dogs suffer from is cancers of the mast cells. Based on a biopsy, mast cell tumors may be benign or malignant. Biopsies are necessary to determine how a particular mast cell tumor behaves.

Mast cell tumors in dogs can be treated in many ways. Single tumors are usually treated with surgery to eliminate them. We will determine if another therapy like chemotherapy is required based on the biopsy obtained after surgery. Look up “Veterinary surgeon near me” for the best results.

Canine Bone Cancer (Osteosarcoma)

Osteosarcoma (OSA) can be a type of bone cancer that affects dogs and is widespread in large breed dogs. It is a malignancy in the bone, typically located in the legs. It extends to the lungs, and in some instances, it can spread to other organs as well.

Osteosarcoma is a severe illness that often requires extensive treatment to limit the discomfort and spread of cancer. Cancer has a 9 to 15-month chance of survival when managed with amputation and chemotherapy.

There are treatments available to the demands of the patient and their families. Amputation of the limb, followed by chemotherapy, can be considered the standard treatment for this condition. Immunotherapy and tiny-molecule inhibitors are among the latest treatments that are becoming available. Click here for additional information.